TEAM is a highly disaggregated, bottom-up modelling framework of the transport-energy-environment system. Built around a flexible and modular database structure, it models annual projections of transport supply and demand, for all passenger and freight modes of transport, and calculates the corresponding energy use, life cycle emissions, environmental impacts and external costs year-by-year up to 2100. It takes a holistic view of the transport system, built around a set of exogenous scenarios of socio-economic, socio-technical and political developments. The model is technology rich and, in its current version, provides projections of how different vehicle technologies evolve over time for 770 vehicle technology categories such as efficient gasoline internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), battery electric vehicles (BEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCV).
TEAM has evolved from the UK Transport Carbon Model (UKTCM) that played a key role in developing the UKERC Energy2050 ‘lifestyle’ scenarios (Anable et al., 2012a; Anable et al., 2012b) and in exploring the effectiveness of low carbon car purchasing incentives in the UK (Brand et al., 2013). An overview of the model has been published in Brand et al. (2012).
TEAM was recently developed, updated and recalibrated from version 2.0 (as reported in Brand et al., 2013) to the current version 3.1. We focussed our efforts on enhancing the
- car ownership model
- car sales, choice and use model
- direct energy use and emissions model, and
- the life cycle energy use and environmental impacts model
The tool was used to investigate the ‘dieselgate’ affair by exploring unaccounted and future air pollutant emissions and energy use for cars in the UK (paper under review).
In collaboration with the Scottish ClimateXChange project we are also developing a Scottish version of TEAM – STEAM. We are working with ClimateXChange and the Scottish government on developing policy scenarios to inform future policy making in the transport and energy sectors.
- Anable, J., Brand, C., Eyre, N., Layberry, R., Bergman, N., Strachan, N., Fawcett, T., Tran, M., 2012a. Energy 2050 - WG1 Energy Demand: Lifestyle and Energy Consumption, UKERC Working Paper. UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), Energy Demand Theme, Oxford.
- Anable, J., Brand, C., Tran, M., Eyre, N., 2012b. Modelling transport energy demand: A socio-technical approach. Energy Policy 41, 125-138.
- Brand, C., 2010. UK Transport Carbon Model: Reference Guide v1.0. UK Energy Research Centre, Energy Demand Theme, Oxford.
- Brand, C., Anable, J., Tran, M., 2013. Accelerating the transformation to a low carbon passenger transport system: The role of car purchase taxes, feebates, road taxes and scrappage incentives in the UK. Transp. Res.: Part A: Pol. Practice 49, 132-148.
- Brand, C., Tran, M., Anable, J., 2012. The UK transport carbon model: An integrated life cycle approach to explore low carbon futures. Energy Policy 41, 107-124.
- Brand, C., 2016. Beyond Dieselgate: Implications of unaccounted and future air pollutant emissions and energy use for cars in the United Kingdom. Energy Policy 97, October 2016, 1-12.
- Brand, C., Cluzel, C., Anable, J., 2017 Modeling the uptake of plug-in vehicles in a heterogeneous car market using a consumer segmentation approach. Transportation Research Part A: Policy & Practice 97, 121-136.