Energy system models

To inform energy policy in the UK, a range of energy-system models are used. Some models represent the energy system at the national level, and may include interactions between the energy system and the national economy. These national models are often used to explore different long-term scenarios to identify possible pathways to meeting the UK climate change targets.

There are also sector specific modles which look at a specific aspect of the energy system, such as transport or housing. These models include more granular detail of these sectors than the national models, and are often used to develop detailed policies for their respective sectors. Other models are developed to investigate the effectiveness of specific policies.

There are a core group of energy-system models which inform significant elements of UK energy policy, but the extent to which these models are structured to simulate the increasingly diverse range of demand-side energy policies is not fully understood.

Project aims:

To conduct a rapid evidence assessment, examining how the analytical models used in UK energy policy represent energy demand and demand-side policies. The overarching research question is:

  • How do the core energy-system models, used to inform energy policy in the UK, represent energy demand and demand-side policy interventions?

From this three subsidiary questions will address:

  • What are the core energy-system models used to inform UK energy policy?
  • How do the core models represent energy demand and demand-side policies?
  • What lessons can be drawn to inform modelling requirements for the development of future energy demand and demand-side energy policies?

This project is being undertaken by members of UKERC Theme 4 programme (Energy, Economy and Societal Preferences).

Scoping note: Modelling energy demand in energy system models