An Assessment of the evidence for economy-wide energy savings from improved energy efficiency
The UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC) published a report on how 'Rebound Effects' can result in energy savings falling short of expectations, thereby threatening the success of UK climate policy.
An example of a rebound effect would be the driver who replaces a car with a fuel-efficient model, only to take advantage of its cheaper running costs to drive further and more often. Or a family that insulates their loft and puts the money saved on their heating bill towards an overseas holiday.
Key OutputsThe Rebound Effect: An Assessment of the Evidence for Economy-wide Energy Savings from Improved Energy Efficiency
Supplementary Note: Graphical Illustrations of Rebound Effects
Technical Report 1: Evaluation Studies (draft)
Technical Report 2: Econometric Studies
Technical Report 3: Elasticity of Substitution Studies
Technical Report 4: Computable General Equilibrium Modelling Studies
Technical Report 5: Energy, Productivity and Economic Growth Studies
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- Sorrell, S., Dimitriopolous, J., and Sommerville, M. (2009), ‘Empirical estimates of direct rebound effects: a review’, Energy Policy, 37: 1356-1371.
- Sorrell, S. and Dimitriopolous, J. (2007), ‘The rebound effect: microeconomic definitions, limitations and extensions, Ecological Economics, 65 (3): 636-649.
- Sorrell, S. (2010), 'Energy, Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability: Five Propositions'
Sustainability, 2 (6): 1784-1809.
- Herring, H. and Sorrell. S. (eds) (2008), Energy Efficiency and Sustainable Consumption: Dealing with the Rebound Effect, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.
- Sorrell, S. (2009), ‘Improving energy efficiency: hidden costs and unintended consequences’, in D. Helm and C. Hepburn (eds), The Economics and Politics of Climate Change, Oxford University Press
- Sorrell, S. (2009), ‘The rebound effect: definition and estimation’, in L. Hunt and J. Evans (eds) International Handbook of the Economics of Energy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham
- Sorrell, S. (2008), Energy-capital substitution and the rebound effect, British Institute of Energy Economics Academic Conference, the New Energy challenge: security and sustainability, St. John's College, Oxford, September 24-25.